Cancer refers to any of the numerous diseases that are characterized by the development of abnormal cells that divide uncontrollably and are capable of infiltrating and destroying normal body tissue. Cancer usually has the ability to spread throughout your body.
Most common cancer symptom in this article with you. How do cancer symptoms start? 16 signs of cancer in our article. Cancer is the second leading cause of death in the world. However, thanks to advances in cancer screening and cancer treatment, many cancer type survival rates are improving.
- 16 Cancer Symptoms to Know
- Memory Loss
- Changes in Your Skin
- Dry cough
- Breast Changes
- Urination Problems (urinary hesitation)
- Swollen lymph nodes
- Bleeding while using the toilet
- Testicular Changes
- Difficulty swallowing, disorder
- Unusual Vaginal Bleeding
- Mouth Problems
- Weight loss
- Heartburn or indigestion
- When to see a doctor
16 Cancer Symptoms To Know
Cancer can take decades to develop. Therefore cancer diagnosis most people are 65 years or older. Cancer is not just an adult disease, although it is more common in older adults. Cancer can be diagnosed at any age.
The signs and symptoms caused by cancer will vary depending on which part of the body is affected.
Some general but not specific signs and symptoms associated with cancer include:
Brain tumor symptoms vary depending on the size, number, location, and growth rate of the tumors. Any type of cancer can spread to the brain, but having one of the following types of cancer puts you at an increased risk of brain metastases: Lung cancer, breast cancer colon cancer kidney cancer, melanoma.
Signs and symptoms of brain metastases include:
- Headache, sometimes with vomiting or nausea
- Mental changes such as increased memory problems
Changes in Your Skin
A new spot, mole, or spot on your skin that changes in size, shape or color could be a sign of skin cancer. Another is a blemishes or moles on your body that don’t look the same as others. If you have any unusual marks, have your doctor check your skin. They will perform an exam and may remove a small piece (called a biopsy) to examine the cancer cells more closely.
Skin changes such as yellowing, darkening or redness of the skin, non-healing wounds or changes in existing moles
If you do not smoke, a dry cough is very unlikely to be a sign of cancer. It is usually caused by postnasal drip, asthma, acid reflux or infection. But if you cough up blood especially if you smoke See your doctor. To test for mucus from your lungs or to check for lung cancer chest x-ray.
Most breast changes are not cancer. However, it is important to tell your doctor about them and check them out. Tell your doctor if you notice any breast changes, such as any lumps in your breasts, firmness, nipple change, discharge, redness or pain. They will perform an exam and may suggest a mammogram, MRI, or perhaps a biopsy.
You may experience bloating due to your diet or even stress. But if it doesn’t improve, if you have fatigue, weight loss or back pain, get it checked out. Persistent swelling in women may be a sign of ovarian cancer. Your doctor may perform a pelvic exam to find the cause.
Urination Problems (urinary retention)
Many men experience urinary problems as they get older, such as the need to go to the toilet more often, leakages or urinary retention. Usually these are signs of an enlarged prostate, but can also mean prostate cancer. An inspection and maybe PSA test
See your doctor for a special blood test called .
Swollen lymph nodes
You have these small, bean-shaped glands on your neck, armpits, and other parts of your body. When they swell, it usually means you are fighting an infection such as a cold or sore throat. Some cancers such as lymphoma and leukemia can also cause this type of swelling. Talk to your doctor to determine the exact cause.
Bleeding while using the toilet
If you see blood in the toilet after you go away, it’s a good idea to talk to your doctor. Bloody stools likely come from swollen, inflamed veins called hemorrhoids, but there is a possibility of colon cancer. Blood in your pee may be a problem, such as a urinary tract infection, but kidney or bladder cancer.
If you notice a lump or swelling in your testicles, you should see your doctor immediately. A painless lump is the most common symptom of testicular cancer. Sometimes men may have a heavy feeling in their lower abdomen or scrotum, or they may think their testicles are larger. Your doctor will do a physical exam of the area and perform an ultrasound scan to see if there is a tumor or other problem.
Difficulty swallowing, disorder
Colds, acid reflux or even some medications can make it difficult to swallow once in a while. If it doesn’t improve over time or with antacids, see your doctor. Difficulty swallowing, a tube in your throat or in the pipe between your mouth and stomach called the esophagus cancer symptom. Your doctor will do some tests, such as an exam and a barium X-ray, where you swallow a chalky liquid to show your throat more clearly.
Unusual Vaginal Bleeding
Bleeding that is not part of your normal period can have many causes, such as fibroids and even some types of birth control. However, tell your doctor if you have bleeding between periods, after sex, or if you have bloody discharge. It may be uterine or cervical cancer. Be sure to let them know if you have any bleeding after menopause. This is not normal and should be checked immediately.
Lots of things can tire you out, and most of them aren’t serious. However, fatigue is one of the early signs of some cancers such as leukemia. Some colon and stomach cancers can cause invisible blood loss, which can make you feel very tired. If you’re feeling tired all the time and resting doesn’t help, talk to your doctor.
Most changes in your mouth, from bad breath to canker sores, are not serious. However, if you have white or red spots in your mouth that do not heal after a few weeks, see your doctor, especially if you smoke. It can be a sign of mouth cancer. Other things to look for; a lump in your cheek, difficulty moving your jaw, or pain in the mouth.
Of course, you can lose weight when you change the way you eat or exercise. It may also happen if you have other problems such as stress or a thyroid problem. However, it is not normal to lose 10 pounds or more without trying it. There is a possibility that it may be the first sign of pancreatic, stomach, esophagus, lung or other types of cancer.
Fever is usually not a bad thing. Sometimes it is a sign that your body is fighting an infection. Some medications can also have side effects. But someone that doesn’t go away and has no obvious cause could be a sign of a blood cancer such as leukemia or lymphoma.
Heartburn or indigestion
Almost everyone sometimes has this burning sensation due to food or stress. If lifestyle changes don’t work and indigestion doesn’t stop, your doctor may want to do some tests to look for a cause. It could be a sign of stomach cancer.
When to see a doctor
Make an appointment with your doctor if you have persistent signs or symptoms that concern you.
If you don’t have any signs or symptoms but are concerned about your cancer risk, discuss your concerns with your doctor. Ask what cancer screening tests and procedures are right for you.
Your family history: Only a minority of cancers are caused by an inherited condition. If cancer is common in your family, it is possible for mutations to pass from one generation to the next. You may be a candidate for genetic testing to see if mutations that can increase your risk of certain cancer are inherited. Remember that having an inherited genetic mutation doesn’t necessarily mean you will get cancer.