Milk allergy; milk
It is the body’s reaction as a result of the production of allergy antibodies against proteins and the activation of inflammatory cells. It occurs with the activation of the immune system. Cow’s milk can cause more than 25 allergies in total protein. The body of those with a milk allergy reacts to one or more of these proteins.
- What Are the Symptoms of Milk Allergy?
- Who is Affected by a Milk Allergy?
- What is Cow’s Milk Protein Allergy?
- Cow’s Milk Allergy Usually Occurred In Which Age Group?
- What is lactose intolerance briefly?
- How Do I Know If My Child Is Allergy To Cow’s Milk?
- What Can Be Used Instead Of Inet Milk?
- What Can Those With Milk Allergy In Babies Use?
- When Does Milk Allergy In Babies Go?
- Issues Related to Milk;
What Are the Symptoms of Milk Allergy?
The symptoms of milk allergy vary from person to person. But the most common symptoms are:
- Observation of stomach and intestinal disorders
- Itching in the mouth and throat
- Emergence of respiratory distress and swelling of the mucosa
- Hives or eczema flare-up in young children
Late symptoms may occur, making diagnosis difficult. These symptoms occur within 7 to 10 days and are symptoms such as abdominal pain, bloating, burping, wheezing, blistering, redness, and rash.
Who is Affected by a Milk Allergy?
Most affected by milk allergy are little children. According to a study conducted in Norway, approximately 2% of children aged 0-3 have milk allergy.
What is Cow’s Milk Protein Allergy?
Cow’s milk is the most important and common allergenic food type, especially in children, because cow’s milk is the primary food in the diet in children. Cow’s milk proteins may cause sensitivity reactions on the skin, digestive and respiratory systems in some individuals. This situation; It is also called cow milk intolerance or hypersensitivity to cow’s milk.
Cow’s Milk Allergy Usually Occurred In Which Age Group?
Cow’s milk protein allergy is mostly seen in infants and children. Allergic reactions due to cow’s milk proteins start in the first weeks of life, in the 3rd month on average, and disappear at the age of 2-3 years as a result of the development of the functional and morphological structure of the intestine and the complaints gradually decrease. Although it is frequently seen in newborn babies, recent studies show that sensitivity to milk is also quite common in adults.
Cow’s milk protein allergy should not be confused with lactose intolerance. Reaction to milk occurs in two ways. These:
1-) Lactose intolerance ie; Sensitivity due to deficiency (or absence) of lactase enzyme,
2-) It is milk sensitivity created by immunological mechanism such as milk protein intolerance.
What is lactose intolerance briefly?
Lactose intolerance; It is the occurrence of gastrointestinal symptoms such as abdominal pain, bloating, nausea and diarrhea after milk consumption due to the inability to digest lactose due to insufficiency or absence of lactase enzyme. Lactose-free milk can be consumed.
How Do I Know If My Child Is Allergy To Cow’s Milk?
If diarrhea and vomiting are observed in a healthy baby after starting cow’s milk, sometimes there is blood in the stool and if the child has uneasiness and crying, cow’s milk allergy should come to mind first. Family history also plays an important role in cow’s milk allergy.
In many studies; It has been observed that many infants with intolerance to cow’s milk protein may develop sensitivity to soy, wheat and egg proteins. This point should be paid attention to.
It is very important to diagnose the child without hindering growth and development.
If you think your baby / child has a cow’s milk protein allergy, contact your doctor and dietician immediately.
What Can Be Used Instead Of Inet Milk?
In babies fed with breast milk, the milk and dairy products consumed by the mother are passed on to the baby through breastfeeding and cause allergies. In this case, it is recommended to continue breastfeeding, but to completely exclude milk and dairy products from the mother’s diet. Medical support should be recommended to protect the mother from calcium deficiency and her diet should be arranged with a dietician.
What Can Those With Milk Allergy In Babies Use?
In babies with cow’s milk allergy soy protein and goat’s milk allergy may also occur together, so this group of products should be excluded from the mother’s diet. Vegetable oils should be preferred instead of butter and margarine, cream, milk powder, milk biscuits, milk pasta should be avoided. Rice milk, oat milk, and coconut milk can be used as a substitute for cow’s milk.
When Does Milk Allergy In Babies Go?
Cow’s milk allergy is not given foods containing cow’s milk and cow’s milk-based formula for 12-18 months, it is fed with special formulas. At the end of this period, it is observed whether symptoms appear or not by starting to give cow’s milk again. The time to start tolerating cow’s milk varies from baby to infant. Tolerance to cow’s milk develops in 56% of the children in 1 year, 77% in 2 years, 87% in 3 years.
The more we can eliminate cow’s milk from the diet and protect the baby from this allergen, the sooner the development of tolerance and recovery will be.
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