What is an episiotomy? What are the Episiotomy Losses?

What is an episiotomy? What are the Episiotomy Losses?

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Episiotomy at birth is among the applications that facilitate birth. This method, which prevents tears by widening the vaginal opening with a surgical incision, relieves expectant mothers with high probability of stitched birth and helps to recover quickly in the postpartum treatment process.

Who is Applied to Episiotomy?

Episiotomy application that facilitates birth;

  • For expectant mothers who will give their first birth,
  • For expectant mothers who have had a long past with their previous birth


Where is the Cut in Episiotomy?

Applied with local anesthesia Episiotomy which muscle is cut

In response to the question , the answer is given to the perineum area.

  • Vagina,
  • Anus

Defines the region between


In Which Cases Is Episiotomy Applied?

Episiotomy decision;

  • In large baby births,
  • When the baby is wrong,
  • In premature births,
  • If the mother has discomfort that straining would harm,
  • In cases where the baby’s birth should be done urgently,
  • In deliveries that require vacuum and forceps use,
  • In deliveries where the vaginal exit tissue is hard

It can be given in cases showing that it should be applied even if a long time has not passed with the previous birth of the expectant mother.

How Is Episiotomy Care Done?

Before hospital discharge procedures Episiotomy care is carried out by the staff of the health institution and after the discharge, the person must take care of himself. After being discharged;

  • The application area should be kept clean and dry.
  • Medicines prescribed by a doctor should be used regularly.
  • Sanitary pads should be changed within a maximum of 6 hours.
  • Bidet should be done with warm water.
  • Prolonged standing and sitting should be avoided.
  • It should be fed with fibrous foods and plenty of water should be consumed.
  • The area where the episiotomy was applied should be relaxed by sitting in the warm water filled in the bowl 3 times a day for at least 10 minutes each time.

What Are the Harms of Episiotomy?

Episiotomy damages includes the problems that may occur after the application. In women who gave birth after episiotomy;

  • Pain,
  • Blood collection at the seam,
  • Opening stitches,
  • Experiencing pain during sexual intercourse