Whether they are 25 years old or 35, in the short or long term, every couple’s dream is a healthy one or more have children. Because some couples find it too early to plan for having children in the early years of their marriage; they carry their child requests to the later stages of their marriage. Others, on the other hand, take their babies in their first year of marriage. Couples who postpone having a baby to later years sometimes find it difficult to achieve these requests due to some possible health problems. As such, a very difficult and stressful process begins for couples. For have a baby naturally
Not being able to be can mean going through many medical examinations, having many tests, not being able to achieve pregnancy despite applying some treatment methods. However, there is now in vitro fertilization treatment for such situations. IVF treatment has become a very serious and important beacon of hope for couples who cannot have a baby naturally today.
In today’s modern societies, being able to have a baby naturally is not an ordinary situation anymore. Because about 15% of couples in their reproductive age cannot have a baby naturally today. While some of these couples can achieve pregnancy with reproductive treatments such as ovulation treatment and vaccination, in vitro fertilization treatment is the only solution and the most successful method for many.
In today’s conditions, modern medicine offers many opportunities for those who want to have children. In vitro fertilization is also an assisted reproductive method applied in this direction and with the most successful results. This method, which is a treatment process that allows fertilization to be achieved by bringing together the eggs with female reproductive cells and sperms with male reproductive cells outside the body, in a laboratory environment, this method realizes the dreams of couples who want to have a baby.
What is IVF?
All over the world, for an average of 40 years, in vitro fertilization has been applied to couples who cannot have a baby naturally and it is possible to achieve pregnancy in this way. IVF; It has been a beacon of hope for couples who cannot conceive a baby naturally for reasons or reasons arising from a woman, a man, or both.
That is; The process of achieving pregnancy by fertilization in the laboratory environment, not naturally, for couples who have one or many reproductive cells, that is, are currently in reproductive age, is called IVF.
Using the existing reproductive cells of the expectant mother and father, fertilization is carried out in the laboratory in the presence of experts, and the embryo consisting of this fertilized egg is placed in the womb of the expectant mother with medical procedures and pregnancy is performed in a controlled manner. Actually IVF treatment
With , the natural process that the tubes take part in pregnancy is eliminated, this natural process takes place under the control of experts.
How is IVF treatment done?
For IVF treatment, first of all, couples are required to try natural pregnancy under appropriate conditions for a certain period of time. It is recommended to mention about IVF treatment if those younger than 35 have had unprotected sexual intercourse at regular intervals for approximately 1 year and those over 35 years old for an average of 6 months and still cannot achieve pregnancy. Here, “regular sexual intercourse” means unprotected sexual intercourse 2-3 times a week or every 2 days. Because it may be more difficult to obtain pregnancy in case of frequent sexual intercourse such as once a week or very frequently such as every day. Because when it is very rare, it may be possible to miss the ovulation time of the woman, and in very frequent intercourse, it may not be possible to accumulate enough and quality sperm in the semen of the future father. When pregnancy cannot be achieved naturally despite unprotected sexual intercourse at the frequency specified here, the most appropriate treatment method is selected by consulting a doctor. Generally, after more prerequisite applications such as ovulation treatment and vaccination applications, in vitro fertilization treatment is started, where the possibility of pregnancy is very high.
As a result of the detailed examinations and tests made in the double, when the decision of in vitro fertilization is decided, the ovarian reserve of the woman is evaluated and if necessary, it is ensured that she uses some drugs that increase the number of eggs and facilitate ovulation. In this way, the egg is developed and this development is checked and followed at frequent intervals. Egg cells taken from the woman in the laboratory environment are collected in devices and growth fluids that are closest to the conditions in the body and are kept here until fertilization. On the same day, sperm sample is taken from the future father and it is made ready for fertilization. If the double conventional in vitro fertilization method is to be applied, the sperm and egg cells are taken into the same environment and the sperm cell reaches the egg and fertilizes it just like in pregnancy naturally. However, if the microinjection method is to be used, the best quality sperm cell selected by experts is injected into the egg cell using microcannulas.
As described above, the fertilized egg is enclosed in special devices that are most similar to the uterine environment. The development of embryos formed in this way is followed every day. In this way, the best quality embryo is selected and transferred to the expectant mother’s womb in the appropriate period. On the 12th day after the embryo is transferred, a pregnancy test is performed on the blood to find out whether pregnancy has occurred.
When is it necessary to apply for IVF treatment?
Anyone who wants to have a pregnancy dreams of having it in the first month of having unprotected sex. However, this is not the case at all. The realization of pregnancy is possible with the positive progress of each of many different factors. Namely; If the spouse of a 30-year-old woman who ovulates in a healthy way, assuming that the sperm count and quality are at the desired level, the probability of getting pregnant every month is 20-25% if she has unprotected sexual intercourse. Also, if the age of the woman is under 35, this possibility decreases rapidly every year, even every month. In other words, as it is wrongly known in the society, those who cannot become pregnant despite having unprotected sexual intercourse several times may not be infertile.
In order to use an assisted reproductive treatment method, it is best to have sexual intercourse frequently enough and regularly enough. In this context, generally valid expert opinion; Women under the age of 35 should not be able to achieve pregnancy despite regular unprotected sexual intercourse for 1 year and those over 35 for 6 months.
Here we mean regular relationship; It is unprotected sexual intercourse not every day, not once a week, but every 2 or 3 days. Because having intercourse every day prevents the accumulation of sufficient quality sperm in the semen of the man, and rarely intercourse such as once a week decreases the chance of pregnancy. Because the important thing in obtaining pregnancy is to match the ovulation period of the woman.
In the light of all these above, a couple of reproductive age must have unprotected sexual intercourse for at least 6 months in order to think that they cannot achieve pregnancy naturally and to suspect infertility. In case of failure, it is absolutely necessary to consult a doctor without losing much time. Because, as time passes, fertility ability of women decreases rapidly as the age increases.
Are the infertility rates different for men and women?
Generally, there is a dominant opinion in the society that the female factor is more dominant in infertility or inability to have a baby. However, according to scientific data, infertility is caused by 40% men, 40% women, and 20% both. In other words, the healthy progress of the pregnancy process depends on the male factor as well as the female. However, there is also a fact that as the age of the woman increases, the number of eggs decreases and the reproductive ability of the male decreases rapidly, and the reproductive ability of the male is more resistant to age and the advancing years compared to the female.
Although the infertility problem is caused by women, men or both, nowadays, thanks to the advances in in vitro fertilization, pregnancy rates are quite high. When pregnancy cannot be achieved naturally, the treatment process may have difficulties from time to time. However, these difficulties should not intimidate patients or put them under stress. Because, with this method, the high morale of the patient during the conception process can increase the success of the treatment more than expected.
The first in vitro fertilization in the world and in our country
Modern IVF is the founder of the treatment, Bob Edwars, and the first baby born as a result of the treatment, Louise Brown, was born in England in 1978. Since the beginning of the studies in 1971, all applications related to in vitro fertilization form the basis of the technique applied today and the success rate is increased by adding innovations every day. While developments in in vitro fertilization continue rapidly in the world, our country has started to apply the progressive methods by not remaining indifferent to the studies on in vitro fertilization. As a result of this, the first IVF birth took place at Ege University in 1989. Today, not only patients in our country, but also couples who want to have a baby from all over the world are treated in our country. Because the centers and experts in our country increase their success in achieving a healthy pregnancy and a live birth by successfully applying every innovation and development related to IVF treatment.
Source: www. bulenttiras com