What Is Pemphigus, Why Does It Happen? How Is It Treated?

What Is Pemphigus, Why Does It Happen? How Is It Treated?

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the disease expressed as ; It refers to the immune system perceiving its own body cells as foreign and attacking. The immune system specifically attacks skin proteins. It is seen in people between the ages of 40-60. Physical examinations, biopsy, and blood tests can be used to diagnose the patient. This health problem causes various sores, blisters and disturbing images, especially in the oral area and genital areas. It shows improvement and regression in a week with medication.

What Causes Pemphigus?

Causes of Pemphigus comes the problems experienced in the immune system. Generally, problems that trigger the disease cannot be detected. However, what should normally be; It attacks the immune system with problems such as harmful viruses or bacteria. But in the pemphigus problem, the immune system perceives healthy cells as invasive and starts attacking. Generally, the reasons cannot be known exactly. However, pemphigus is not contagious. Unfortunately, there is no precaution to be taken to prevent this disease from occurring. However, some factors can increase the severity of this disease. These:

  • Environmental factors and stress,
  • Use of various drugs such as penicillamine, captopril and rifampicin,
  • Changes in hormones,
  • Pregnancy process,
  • Wrong vaccinations,
  • Tumors,
  • Genetic predisposition.
Confident doctor posing with arms crossed at the hospital and nurse welcoming a patient on the background

Pemphigus Symptoms?

Symptoms of pemphigus varies according to the type of disease. These symptoms vary depending on the condition of the disease and health problems. These:

  • Sores in the mouth area,
  • Painful blisters in the skin area,
  • Skin leaks,
  • Scabbed skin structure,
  • Difficulty eating,
  • Bubbles occurring in the throat and rectum,
  • Open wounds that do not heal,
  • Blisters on the back and scalp.

What is the Treatment for Pemphigus?

Treatment of pemphigus

For it is very important to consult a specialist. Although it is not completely cured, the symptoms should be controlled. Otherwise, it is a health problem that can cause death. Cortisone drugs and immunosuppressant drugs can be used. Biological therapies are also used in cases where drugs do not provide sufficient effect. Drugs, dosages and additional treatments to be used will be determined according to the patient’s condition. There is no standard treatment for every patient. Keeping the morale of the patients high, being physically active and happy are the most important details in the treatment of the disease.