Name of slapped cheek syndrome in children is the fifth disease. This disease is common in the winter months. It occurs with redness and rash on the cheeks. In addition to being caused by viruses, it is also an infectious disease.
- What Are the Symptoms of Slapped Cheek Syndrome?
- How Long Does Fifth Disease Last?
- Fifth Disease Allergy?
- Does Slapped Cheek Syndrome Leave a Scar?
- What Causes Slapped Cheek Syndrome?
- How Is Slapped Cheek Syndrome Transmitted?
- Fifth Disease Can Be Confused With Which Disease?
- What Happens If Slapped Cheek Syndrome Is Not Treated?
- Does Fifth Disease Cause Fever in Children?
What are the Symptoms of Slapped Cheek Syndrome?
Slapped Cheek Syndrome
Some of the known symptoms of disease are:
- It is one of the symptoms of regular rash on the cheeks. The disease takes its name from here. Because this rash gives the appearance of slapped.
- It is the formation of lacy rash on the arms and legs.
- 3 days after the onset of the syndrome, rash occurs on the hands, toes, trunk and buttocks.
- A mild fever is one of the symptoms.
- Mild itching in the area of the rash is one of the symptoms.
- Feeling tired is a symptom of slapped cheek syndrome.
- There are also symptoms such as sore throat, headache and runny nose that can be confused with the common cold.
How Long Does Fifth Disease Last?
In the fifth disease, symptoms occur day by day, gradually. Therefore, within a period of 5 to 10 days, these symptoms occur and they begin to alleviate.
Specialist from Memorial Şişli Hospital Child Health and Diseases Department. Dr. Özlem Okutan, fifth disease and his treatment:
Fifth Disease Allergy?
“Fifth disease is one of the diseases with good prognosis and rash. It is common, especially in the early winter months. It is manifested by fever, weakness and rash. Rashes can occur quite intense. It can be confused with allergic, urticarial rashes or other rash diseases. For this, attention should be paid to the following symptoms:
• Redness occurs especially in the cheek area. The rash starts from the face and takes up a large area, like a cellulite. It is not a messy and irregular appearance like in allergies.
Does Slapped Cheek Syndrome Leave a Scar?
The rash caused by the disease does not leave a permanent scar. The rashes fade and disappear within 2-3 days. Itching usually does not happen. Rashes start from the head area and spread downwards. These rashes fade and disappear within 2-3 days, maximum 7 days. Families should not send their children to school for at least 1-2 days during this period. This issue is important in terms of resting the child and reducing the risk of contagion.
Causes Slapped Cheek Syndrome?
The fifth disease, which can be seen in all children, is not directly related to weak or strong immunity. It is more common in school children. The incidence increases after the nursery age compared to infants. A disease with every viral rash opens the door to another disease. It further lowers immunity. In this respect, it is important for the family to be conscious and for the child to follow up correctly.
How Is Slapped Cheek Syndrome Transmitted?
The fifth disease with a high risk of transmission can be transmitted before the rash appears. The disease spreads through saliva and droplets, and is also carried by breath. Children can infect each other with this disease even before the rash appears. Although there is no risk of contagion as intense as chickenpox or measles during the rash, care should be taken as with any rash.
Fifth Disease Can Be Confused With Which Disease?
Rashes appear on the face, hands, arms and legs and trunk. Chickenpox and hand-foot-mouth disease are similar viruses. It starts off like a fly bite, turning into tiny sacs filled with water. 5. disease, which does not cause any openness or dryness in the skin, is more like an allergic rash in the form of pink rashes under the skin, called macules, which are more united, especially on the cheeks, not puffy in the eye, but they are chickenpox and reverse rash. In this respect, it is extremely easy to distinguish.
What Happens If Slapped Cheek Syndrome Is Not Treated?
The treatment of the fifth disease is planned according to the symptoms. If the rashes are at a level that will disturb the patient, allergy medications can be used to fade the rashes faster. It is important to rest for 1-2 days. If not treated in time, the risks of upper respiratory tract infections, otitis media, influenza and other febrile diseases increase in the child.
Does Fifth Disease Cause Fever in Children?
Children should be careful about fever. Fever is often the precursor of a disease. In viral diseases, especially in the fifth disease, fever is seen with rash, but both rash and fever disappear within a few days. However, if a new fever is seen later, it may be necessary to consider whether there is a different underlying cause and to be evaluated in terms of other diseases. Children who are sure of their general condition as much as possible, have normal fever for up to 48 hours and no rashes can go to school. “