What patients with phenylketonuria should eat and there are those who should not eat, and a special diet should be followed. Phenylketonuria is a disease that is transmitted through family participation and prevents the phenylalanine substance contained in protein foods from being metabolized.
Phenylalanine substance, which cannot be metabolized, can penetrate body fluids and blood and destroy the brain. This disease can be diagnosed in newborn babies and can be treated with early diagnosis. If it is not treated, it can cause severe mental disability and many disorders that may occur due to the nervous system in children.
What Are the Symptoms of Phenylketonuria?
Babies with phenylketonuria no symptoms are observed in the first few months. There is no difference in the first few months between a healthy baby and babies with Phenylketonuria. In this process, it is very important to start treatment. Because the symptoms will start to show themselves from the 4th month. Symptoms continue to increase according to the process and the symptoms that can be seen in turn can be listed as follows;
- nervous system symptoms begin to occur in the month.
- Signs of mental retardation occur that can be observed at 5 and 6 months. During this period, none of the skills such as speaking and sitting develop.
- The head may remain small in babies with phenylketonuria. This is because their brain development is not normal.
- Excessive hand and arm movements can be observed.
- Skin rash, vomiting, epileptic seizures and an odor such as mildew on the skin and sweat can be counted as other symptoms.
Foods That Patients With Phenylketonuria Can And Can’t Eat
Phenylketonuria sample diet list should be taken from a dietician who is expert in this field. The foods that are forbidden for patients with phenylketonuria to eat can be listed as follows;
- Meat and meat products
- Milk and dairy products
- Animal internal organs such as brain, liver, kidney
- Normal bread
- Instant foods
- All foods containing aspartame and phenylalanine
Recipes for phenylketonuria patients should be specially prepared and attention should be paid to the foods consumed. The list taken from the expert dietitian must be strictly followed.